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source: KBSKpop 1, 2, 3

For other uses, see GOD (disambiguation).

g.o.d (Hangul: 지오디; RR: ji-o-di; acronym for Groove Over Dose[3]) is a five-member South Korean pop music group. Debuting in 1999, the group became one of the most popular boy bands of the early 2000s in South Korea.[3][4] The members had gone on to solo careers in the entertainment industry after indefinitely discontinuing group activity in 2005 following the departure of a member. However, they regrouped as a quintet and made a comeback in July 2014.[5] Although the group is largely known for their "story telling" lyrical style and signature blend of R&B and rap, their repertoire features a diverse array of genres ranging from hip hop to funk.

As one of the best selling artists in South Korea prior to the digital era, they are one of the few idol groups to have more than one album become a "million seller".[6][7][8] Often referred to as "the nation's idol" due to the broad popular appeal of their hit songs,[9][10][11][4][12] they are regarded as "legends of K-pop"[13] alongside first generation idol groups Shinhwa, H.O.T, Sechs Kies, Fin.K.L, and S.E.S..

Due to their extended hiatus and lack of overseas promotions, their popularity and fame has been largely limited to the domestic market or within the Korean diaspora overseas.[14] However, their songs remain some of the most recognized and well-known within South Korea and songs such as "To Mother", "Road" and "One Candle" are considered classic Korean language songs.[15]

History[edit]

Beginnings[edit]

In 1997, Park Joon-hyung flew to South Korea with the goal of creating a group which blended Western and Asian influences.[16] He recruited his cousin Danny Ahn and the latter's friend Son Ho-young, Yoon Kye-sang and Kim Sun-a were later recruited through auditions.[17] Their formation was fraught with difficulties from the beginning as their talent management company EBM (which merged into Sidus and again split to become iHQ (SidusHQ) in 2005) had been affected by the 1997 Asian financial crisis and was forced to cut financial funding for its trainees.[18][19] After over a year, executives allowed them to continue with the project due to their persistence and introduced singer-songwriter and JYP Entertainment founder Park Jin-young to be their producer and mentor.[20][17] Kim Sun-a left to pursue acting and Kim Tae-woo, who was still a high school student, was the final member added, joining the group in July 1998.[21][22][23] The group was to be called "GOT6" but was changed to g.o.d (Groove Over Dose) instead when it became a five-member boy band; Park Jin-young has since revealed that GOT7's group name originated from GOT6.[24][20] Due to the group's association with Park Jin-young, g.o.d has been mistaken to be created by JYP Entertainment when they were actually formed under the management of the present-day SidusHQ and Park was only their songwriter and producer.

1999: Debut year[edit]

The group made their debut appearance on January 13, 1999, performing "To Mother" (어머님께), the title track of their first album, live on the SBS late night show One Night of TV Entertainment (ko).[23][18] The music video for the song featured actor Jang Hyuk. Although it has since become one of their most famous songs, the initial televised performance did not earn a positive response from those in the music industry.[25][26] g.o.d also gained attention for their "boys next door" persona and vocal talent,[27][28] a stark contrast to the trend of the era which was largely focused on groups with visually appealing members and highly sophisticated and energetic choreography.[23][29][30] They released their second album at the end of the year and it garnered a much better response and also earned the group their first ever #1 win on a music program.

2000–2006: Mainstream success, Kye-sang's departure, and hiatus[edit]

In January 2000, the five members appeared in a reality TV series, called g.o.d's Baby Diaries (ko), which aired as part of MBC's "Achieve the Goal Saturday" (ko) programming. The members acted as a family to take care of an eleventh-month old boy named Han Jae-min.[31] Every one of them had a duty (i.e. Son Ho Young acted as 'mommy' and Park Joon Hyung as 'daddy'). The show was popular due to the fact that it was the first time an idol group had starred in their own reality show and its high ratings reportedly forced the sketch comedy show Gag Concert, which aired at the same time on MBC's competitor broadcaster KBS, to switch time slots.[32][33]

Just a year after debuting, g.o.d saw success with the release of their third album, which sold over a million copies.[31] Its promoted track "Lies" (거짓말) dominated the #1 spot on music programs and also won the Daesang ("Grand Prize") at the KBS Music Awards. Following the success of their third album, g.o.d held their first national tour beginning in February 2001 and became only the second K-pop group (after H.O.T.) to hold a concert in the largest sports venue in South Korea, the Seoul Olympic Stadium.[34] In November that year, g.o.d launched their fourth album Chapter 4, their second album to hit a million in sales.[35][36] It won the Disk Daesang (Grand Prize) at the 16th Golden Disc Awards. The title track "Road" (길) topped the rankings on several music shows and has since become a classic hit.

Having established themselves as the country's best selling idol group of 2001, g.o.d was invited to perform at the inaugural MTV Asia Awards held in Singapore as the Korean representative and was nominated for the Favorite Artist Award (Korea).[37][38][39] While in Singapore, the group was interviewed by Time magazine and featured on the cover of the Asian edition for July 29. However, the article they were featured in was met with criticism by Korean music critics, local media and g.o.d's management agency SidusHQ as the author used a misquote attributed to Yoon Kye-sang to segue into an opinion editorial about corruption within the K-pop industry rather than focus on g.o.d as one of the country's most popular pop groups.[40][38] They were chosen as the country's representative artistes to be featured in the 2002 FIFA World Cup soundtrack Fever Pitch, for which they recorded the song "True East Side".[41] In July they took a break from television promotions and began their "100-day Human Concert" series where all the shows were sold out and each day had a different theme.[40][42][43]

Yoon left the group in 2004 and g.o.d switched to JYP Entertainment and continued promoting as a quartet, releasing another two more albums.[44][45] They went on hiatus from 2006 after holding their last concert in December 2005. Various media outlets and sources have described them as having disbanded between 2006 and 2014. However, the remaining members stated that they chose not use the term "disbanding" as they had promised fans they would reunite as a five-piece at some point in the future.[46][47][27] All members remained in the entertainment industry: Park returned to the United States to pursue acting, Ahn hosted KBS Cool FM's Kiss the Radio before going into acting while Son and Kim continued as singers. The remaining four members unofficially reunited to perform in 2012 at the Korean Music Festival in Los Angeles[48] and on SBS MTV's The Stage Big Pleasure.[49]

2014–present: Reunion[edit]

Beginning in 2013 there was already speculation that the members of g.o.d were discussing the possibility of reuniting.[50][51][52] Following Yoon Kye-sang's confirmation to rejoin the group and lengthy discussion and organization with the members' individual managements,[53][54] they recommenced group activities under their original management agency SidusHQ.[55][19][56] On May 3, 2014 their 15th anniversary concert was announced through a TV advertisement which aired on Korean cable channel jTBC, followed by confirmation from their management agency.[5][57]

The album Chapter 8 was released on July 8, 2014.[1] Several songs were pre-released as teasers for their official comeback tour. The pre-released singles, "The Lone Duckling" (also "The Ugly Duckling") (미운 오리 새끼) and "Sky Blue Promise" (하늘색 약속), both achieved "all kills" in the digital charts.[58][59] The music videos for "Saturday Night", which contained references of their hit "Friday Night", and the ballad "Story of Our Lives" were uploaded on YouTube.[60][1] The album was repackaged and released in October as the "Thank You" edition and included a new song "Wind" (바람), whose lyrics were written by Yoon to express his gratitude to fans.[61][62]

The group began their 15th anniversary tour on July 12, 2014 at Jamsil Sports Complex with around 14,000 fans in attendance. It was their first concert as a quintet in 12 years. Initially they had planned to hold two concerts over two days in Seoul but extended it to eight more dates in four other cities due to popular demand.[63][10][64] They also made their first televised performance together in 12 years on September 5 as exclusive guests on You Hee-yeol's Sketchbook,[65] the only guests who have been granted the honor.[66][67] They concluded their national tour with an encore concert in October at the 40,000-capacity Seoul Olympic Stadium,[68][69] the second time they have held a sold-out concert at the venue.[34] In November they extended their tour overseas for the time, holding concerts at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, California and Prudential Center in Newark, New Jersey, and became the first single South Korean group to play at stadiums in the United States since BIGBANG (Alive Galaxy Tour).[70][34]

The group made a rare live televised performance as a five-piece, performing at the "I Am Korea" Gala Concert celebrating 70 years of independence which was broadcast live on KBS1.[71] On December 9, 2015, they released the maxi single "A Funny but Sad Day" (웃픈 하루)[72] and the music video was uploaded by CJ E&M in anticipation of their upcoming year-end concerts.[73][74][75] Although the group did not promote the song at all, it was the top 30 most downloaded singles that month and remained in the Gaon Digital Chart for six consecutive weeks.[76][77] They held a series of sold-out concerts in Seoul over five days before heading to Daegu and Busan to celebrate the Christmas holidays and New Year's Day with fans.[78][4][79][80] They took a break in 2016 while the members returned to their solo activities.

For the first two months of 2017 g.o.d embarked on their second nationwide tour since reuniting. Entitled g.o.d to MEN the tour began in Seoul[81] and went to five other major cities.[82][83] The Incheon concert on January 13 was extended by several hours as it coincided with the 18th anniversary of their debut and culminated in a special fan event hosted by DinDin.[18][84][85]

Members[edit]

Discography[edit]

Main article: g.o.d discography

Concerts[edit]

Tours and concerts

YearDateVenueCityTotal
god first National Tour Concert : 'Story of Five Men'
2001February 25KOTREX (Korea Trade Exhibition Center)Daejeon6
March 1Yeomju Indoor StadiumGwangju
March 4Daegu Indoor StadiumDaegu
March 11Sajik ArenaBusan
April 5Seoul Olympic StadiumSeoul
April 8Sungin GymnasiumIncheon

god '100-day Human Concert ' — first leg

2002July 11, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 25, 26, 27, 28Popcorn Hall at Jung-gu

(45 times)

Seoul45
August 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23, 24, 25, 29, 30, 31
September 1, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 13, 14, 15, 19, 20, 21, 22

god '100-day Human Concert' — second leg

2002December 25, 26, 27, 28Popcorn Hall at Jung-gu

(55 times)

Seoul55
2003January 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 11, 12, 16, 17, 18, 19, 23, 24, 25, 26, 30, 31
February 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 16, 20, 21, 22, 23, 28, 29, 30
March 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 16, 20, 21, 22, 23, 28, 29, 30

god — SK Telecom Ting Concert

2003August 2Yeomju Indoor StadiumGwangju5
August 9Sajik ArenaBusan
August 16outdoor parking lot (spc stage) at

EXCO (Exhibition & Convention Center)

Daegu
August 22Chungmu GymnasiumDaejeon
August 29Jamsil ArenaSeoul

god is BACK — National Tour Concert

2005February 26, 27Seoul Olympic StadiumSeoul21
March 12, 13Daegu Indoor StadiumDaegu
March 19, 20KOTREX (Korea Trade Exhibition Center)Daejeon
March 26, 27Bucheon GymnasiumBucheon
April 2, 3Dongkang GymnasiumGwangju
April 9Palma GymnasiumSuncheon
April 16, 17Busan KBS HallBusan
April 23Open-air theater, Sori Arts Center[86]Jeonju
April 26Gangneung Indoor Ice RinkGangneung
May 15Cheongju GymnasiumCheongju
May 20–22, 28,

29 (Encore)

Olympic Hall at Olympic ParkSeoul

god — the LAST beginning concert

2005November 10, 11, 12, 13, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 24, 25, 26, 27Olympic Hall at Olympic ParkSeoul20
December 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 11
god — the Last Encore Forever, god concert
2005December 28Seoul Olympic StadiumSeoul1

god 15TH ANNIVERSARY REUNION CONCERT — National Tour

2014July 12, 13Seoul Indoor StadiumSeoul10
August 2, 3Yeomju Indoor StadiumGwangju
August 15, 16BEXCO (Busan Exhibition and Convention Center)Busan
August 23, 24EXCO (Exhibition & Convention Center)Daegu
August 30, 31KOTREX (Korea Trade Exhibition Center)Daejeon
god 15TH ANNIVERSARY REUNION CONCERT — Encore
2014October 25Seoul Olympic StadiumSeoul1

god 15TH ANNIVERSARY REUNION CONCERT — US leg

2014November 7Staples CenterLos Angeles, California, United States2
November 9Prudential CenterNewark, New Jersey, United States
god 2015 CONCERT
2015December 16,17,18,19,20Olympic Gymnastics ArenaSeoul9
December 24,25EXCO (Exhibition & Convention Center)Daegu
December 30,31BEXCO (Busan Exhibition and Convention Center)Busan
god to MEN Concert
2017January 6, 7, 8Seoul Indoor StadiumSeoul8
January 13Namdong GymnasiumIncheon
January 21EXCO (Exhibition & Convention Center)Daegu
February 4KINTEXIlsan
February 11Gwangju Women's University Universiade GymnasiumGwangju
February 18BEXCO (Busan Exhibition and Convention Center)Busan

Other live performances

DateEventVenueNotesRef
May 15, 1999Dream Concert (ko)Seoul Olympic Stadium
May 20, 2000Dream ConcertSeoul Olympic Stadium
May 19, 2001Dream ConcertSeoul Olympic Stadium
April 20, 2002Dream ConcertSeoul Olympic Stadium[87]
May 17, 2003Dream ConcertSeoul Olympic Stadium
July 9, 2005Dream ConcertSeoul Olympic Stadium
December 21, 2014Psy's All Night Stand ConcertsOlympic Gymnastics ArenaGuest performers[88][89]
August 15, 2015I Am Korea Gala Concert — 70 Years of Independence (ko)Seoul World Cup StadiumBroadcast live on KBS1[71][90]
December 2, 2016
(broadcast date)
MBC and Good Friends Broadcast for Charity (55th Anniversary Special)MBC Broadcast Center (ko)Broadcast on MBC
Except Yoon Kye-sang
[91][92]
May 7, 2017Holgabun Festival Outdoor Concert by Samsung CardJamsil Auxiliary StadiumExcept Yoon Kye-sang[93]

[94][95][34][96][78][97][82]

Awards[edit]

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by g.o.d

Artistry[edit]

Musical style and themes[edit]

Although known primarily for R&B,[98] g.o.d has often displayed their versatility as their albums feature songs which combine elements of different genres such as hip hop, rap, funk and dance pop:[99] their debut single "To Mother" (어머님께) contains elements of hip hop and a refrain sung in R&B style, the upbeat and rhythmic "Friday Night" from the second album heavily features funk elements[100] and the ballad "The Story of Our Lives" from the most recent album utilizes a "duet" of the rap and singing parts in the chorus to create a polyphonic texture.[101]Park Joon-hyung has stated that from the beginning he had intended for the group to effectively combine Western and Asian influences into their music.[16] They were one of the few first generation K-pop groups to successfully incorporate elements of African American genres such as rap and hip hop into their music and utilize lines rapped entirely in Korean, which was uncommon at that time.[citation needed] While each song differs in genre, a key characteristic is a prominently distinct and simple melody which is accompanied by a minimalistic piano, guitar or percussion-based groove.[102][103][104][105] They have shied away from trending genres such as bubblegum pop and electronic music.[102][103]

In contrast to their contemporaries such as Shinhwa, H.O.T. and Sechs Kies whose repertoire was largely either "feel-good" or hard rock or was choreography-based, g.o.d was focused on lyrical content, garnering them a wider demographic of fans.[106][103][3][27] The trademark features of their repertoire are the "story telling" style and subject matter of their lyrics. MTV Asia describes their songs as "[leaning] towards the social commentary side, with heartfelt lyrics that make people cry until today."[107] Their songs often reflected relatable themes such as love, loss and family or were based on their personal experiences:[106][108] their debut single "To Mother" was partly based on leader Park Joon-hyung's childhood while "The Story of Five Men" (다섯 남자 이야기) described their frugal living conditions during their first year as struggling young singers.[54] Other songs are more humorous and parodied the members themselves, such as the self-composed "Sky Blue Balloon" (하늘색 풍선), in which rapper Danny Ahn refers to himself by his nickname Skinny Pig.

Critics and media have noted the group's unique blend of five distinctly different voices.[109][13][4][110][15]Mnet's Legends 100 series noted that "[The] synergy created by these five people began a page of popular music history that has never been seen before."[13]Billboard described their sound as being a mixture of "rap flow and belting styles".[102] Their ability to seamlessly transition between rap and R&B is apparent in their hit songs, most of which are classified as R&B ballads but contain several lines that are rapped. This combination of a prominent lyrical melody and rap has been described as their "signature".[110][1][111]

Image[edit]

Along with Shinhwa, g.o.d was the earliest idol group to adopt a more public-friendly approach towards fans, transitioning away from the mysterious and intensely private personas of earlier groups H.O.T. and Sechs Kies.[112][113][114][23] As a vocally-focused group, g.o.d did not adopt any image or concept aimed at a particular age demographic unlike most idol groups at that time which were pitched as teen idols and it further added to their "everyman" persona and solidified their nickname "the nation's group".[12][3][4][103][30][28][115] Likewise, they have refrained from colorful and elaborate stage costumes or complex choreography, preferring to utilize themes and simple dance routines to allow members to directly engage with the audience.[116][4][117][80]

Stage[edit]

g.o.d is the first K-pop idol group to hold one hundred concerts, a feat they achieved during the "100-day Human Concert" series in 2002 and 2003.[118][119] They gained popularity and acclaim as consummate entertainers for their stage presence and humorously casual style, often presiding over their concerts themselves.[120] The group is noted within the industry for their interactive approach towards fans during concerts, which often feature segments such as taking song requests or teaching the audience a dance move.[116][121][105][122] Critics have described their concerts as "a giant noraebang" due to the group's large number of recognizable hit songs.[123][105][120]

Since their early days, g.o.d's concerts have revolved around specific themes. Their first national tour was entitled "The Story of Five Men", a reference to the eponymous song from their second album chronicling the austere conditions they endured while preparing to debut. The "100-day Human Concert" series notably featured a different theme for each concert.[119] After reuniting in 2014, the group has been more experimental, revising their choreography and the instrumentation of their background tracks several times. Their most recent national tour in January and February 2017, entitled "g.o.d to MEN", was designed and choreographed as a Broadway musical. Lee Mi-hyun of the JoongAng Ilbo, in reviewing the Seoul leg of the tour, praised the group for their ability to entertain and reinvent themselves without compromising their artistic integrity or losing their unique sound.[124]

Legacy[edit]

g.o.d is a group that is remembered as a "song" unlike any of the idol groups in Korea. Many idol groups that have appeared in the past twenty years since H.O.T and S.E.S. in the mid-90s are remembered for brilliant dances, fashion, superb concepts, sexiness, and cuteness. But g.o.d was different. Songs such as "One Candle", "To Mother", "Love and Memory", "Lies", and "An Ordinary Day" were loved by various generations... [...] g.o.d tried to differentiate themselves with a unique minimalist, warm sound.

10Asia[103]

g.o.d was the first boy band to be dubbed "the nation's group" (Hangul: 국민그룹; RR: Gukmin geurup), a sobriquet popularized by the media due to their appeal to not only the teenage demographic, but across a much broader age demographic compared to their contemporaries.[52][125][13][56][12] In contrast to their contemporaries, who were primarily targeting a teenage audience, they were known as the boy band which "appealed to both teenagers and their parents".[13][31][115] Cultural commentators have noted that the subject matter of their debut song "To Mother" and other songs such as "One Candle" and "Road" further contributed to their broad popular appeal as the country was transitioning out of difficult times and was still recovering from the 1997 Asian financial crisis when the group debuted.[126][30] They are the first idol group to star in their own reality show, g.o.d's Baby Diaries, beginning a trend of idol singers and other entertainers participating in similar shows such as Hello Baby and The Return of Superman.[32][127]

g.o.d set a number of records in sales figures. They currently hold the record for the highest-selling album (not including a repackaged version) within a single month – their fourth album Chapter 4 (released in November 2001) sold 1,441,209 copies within a month of its release[128][129] – and was the only K-pop group to have the sales figures of an album surpass the 1.2 million mark within that time frame until BTS accomplished the same feat in 2017 with the album Love Yourself: Her.[130][131] They are the most recent K-pop group to sell over a million physical copies of a full album and the last group to do so prior to the establishment of digital music stores, having sold over 1.7 million copies of Chapter 4, before EXO reached the milestone in 2013.[132]

The enduring popularity and cross-generational appeal of their songs and their success has influenced many K-pop idol singers of the new generation, such as R&B quartet 2AM,[133] boy band B1A4,[134] girl group TWICE[135] and chart-topping solo artist IU,[136] who have all cited g.o.d as industry "role models" and "inspirations".[137][138] Widely acknowledged within the Korean music industry as "legends of K-pop", g.o.d is the only guest to perform on You Hee-yeol's Sketchbook as exclusive guests and the first K-pop group to be the featured legend on Immortal Songs: Singing the Legend.[125] In 2013 the group was selected and featured in Legend 100 – Artists, a Mnet documentary series highlighting 100 legendary Korean artists (both solo artists and groups) active from 1933 to 2002 selected by a panel of fifty professors, music critics and other music professionals for their contributions and achievements.[139][13][140] According to a 2016 poll conducted by The Dong-a Ilbo in which thirty music industry experts and nearly 2000 citizens voted for the top 15 greatest male K-pop idol groups of the past twenty years, g.o.d was ranked third by the public and fifth by the panel of experts.[141][142] Of the inactive or disbanded first-generation groups, g.o.d was the first to make a comeback and still attain success in a highly saturated market in spite of a nearly decade-long hiatus,[34] which commentators have attributed to the overall increased interest in music and games popular during the 1980s and 1990s as well as the fact that the basis of their popularity had been centered on their vocal abilities and the lyrical content of their songs.[143][144][28][145]

Their contractual arrangement was considered the first of its kind at that time as it was the norm for group and individual contracts to be managed by a single company. g.o.d was managed by and the trademark of their group name owned by EBM (now SidusHQ),[55] but individual contracts were managed separately: the individual contracts of the original four members (Park Joon-hyung, Yoon Kye-sang, Danny Ahn and Son Ho-young) were initially managed by SidusHQ while Kim Tae-woo was managed by Park Jin-young's label and agency JYP Entertainment, although Park and Son would later switch to JYP Entertainment after their individual contracts with SidusHQ expired following the release of their fifth album. It would set a precedent in the K-pop industry as this arrangement allowed long-running group Shinhwa to continue group activities after leaving S.M. Entertainment and for g.o.d and Sechs Kies to recommence group activities after a number of years despite all members being managed by different companies and agencies.[19][146]

In popular culture[edit]

At the time of its release, "To Mother" (어머님께) was the most requested track on radio stations.[3] Other songs, such as "One Candle" (촛불하나),[147] "Love and Remember" (사랑해 그리고 기억해), "Lies" (거짓말)[148][149] and "Road" (길) are considered "indisputable K-pop classics recognized and enjoyed by Koreans of all ages"[15][103] and regularly covered on singing competitions and music variety shows.[150] "Sorrow" (애수), from the second album, was featured in the Pump It Up video game series. Their songs have been used as background music on various television dramas and variety shows, including tvN's Reply 1994,[151] KBS's Drama Special and The Return of Superman and many others.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abcd"g.o.d Comes Back with Next Great Chapter". seoulbeats.com. July 18, 2014. 
  2. ^"A short history on the bad blood between the CEOs of SidusHQ and JYPE". allkpop.com. December 23, 2010. 
  3. ^ abcde"Way Back Wednesday - g.o.d."allkpop.com. September 1, 2016. 
  4. ^ abcdef"god, 아이돌 출신이지만 요즘 아이돌과는 다른 그 무엇" (in Korean). Herald Corporation. December 28, 2015. 
  5. ^ ab"SidusHQ confirms god's comeback with details on their upcoming album, concert & pre-release song". allkpop.com. May 3, 2014. Retrieved December 10, 2014. 
  6. ^":: Korean Record Industry Association :: --2002. 03 kpop albums sales counting". riak.or.kr. Recording Industry Association Korea. Archived from the original on 2004-10-16. Retrieved 2014-12-10. 
  7. ^":: Korean Record Industry Association :: --2001. 04 kpop albums sales counting"". riak.or.kr. Recording Industry Association Korea. Archived from the original on 2004-10-16. Retrieved 2014-12-10. 
  8. ^Book, Ryan (April 9, 2015). "7 Bestselling Albums in Korean History: Jo Sungmo, g.o.d. and Kim Gun-mo Big Overseas". musictimes.com. 
  9. ^"Korean fans suggest top 5 must-attend male idol concerts". koreaboo.com. September 23, 2016. 
  10. ^ ab"평균나이 39세의 국민그룹 god와 팬들의 '극적인 하룻밤'". The Chosun Ilbo (in Korean). December 22, 2015. 
  11. ^"The '90s K-Pop Groups You Need to Know". Soompi. August 11, 2016. 
  12. ^ abc"'국민가수' god". The Korea Times (Los Angeles) (in Korean). January 31, 2001. 
  13. ^ abcdef"[레전드100人] god, 최초의 국민 아이돌" [[Legends 100] god, the first national idol] (in Korean). Mnet. September 13, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2014. 
  14. ^"아이돌 1세대 G.O.D 김태우와 함께한 'Secret Party'" (in Korean). Korea Foundation for International Culture Exchange. February 16, 2018. 
  15. ^ abcSohn, Ji-young (July 13, 2014). "Reliving the glory days of g.o.d."The Korea Herald. 
  16. ^ ab"Interview with Korea's g.o.d". CNN. June 27, 2001. 
  17. ^ ab"We Can See Korea Trip (part 2)". 2 Days & 1 Night. Season 3. Episode 414. October 18, 2015. KBS2. 
  18. ^ abc"god와 하늘색풍선, 꿈같은 18년간의 동행 (feat. JYP)". Kukmin Ilbo (in Korean). January 14, 2017. 
  19. ^ ab
g.o.d performing at the 15th anniversary encore concert in October 2014
g.o.d performing in Incheon during the 'g.o.d to MEN' national tour